Memorandum

Jaume Vall

Publicat el 4 de maig de 2020

English. BASIC. 2020. UNITS 1 – 50

Abril / Maig / Juny    2020

  •  Penúltim apunt.  15.06.2020  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!                                                
  •   Últim apunt     16.06.2020  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

(veure al final de tot)

 

Del llibre  “English Grammar in Use. Elementary learners”

 

UNITS  1 – 50

There is a mistake in each sentence. Find it and write the sentences properly.

Hi ha un error a cada frase. Trobeu-lo i escriviu les frases correctament.

 

 

Unit 1

1.1 My hands are’nt cold    (My hands  aren’t cold)

1.2 Today is hot   (Today it is hot)

 

 

Unit 2

2.1 Where the camera is ?      (Where is the camera?)

2.2 I am late ?       (Am  I  late ?)

 

Unit 3

3.1 It is snowing every day     (It snows every day)

3.2 She doesn’t eating the breakfast    (She is not eating the breakfast)

 

 

Unit 4

4.1 Where he is working today?       (Where is he working today ?)

4.2 Is it rain at the moment?        (Is it raining  at the moment ? )

 

Unit 5

5.1 Tom work very hard. He is 10 hours in the office.     (Tom works  very hard…)

5.2 We do a lot of different things right now.        ( We are doing a lot of ……..now)

5.3 Sue often studys in the evening.                 (Sue often studies in ….)

 

Unit 6

6.1 My parents do no drink coffee after 19:00 o’clock   (My parents do not ……)

6.2 I don’t like wash the car.                                   (I don’t like to wash….)

6.3 You doesn’t speak Chinese well                        (You don’t speak…..)

 

 

Unit 7 

7.1 Do you play very well the guitar ?           (Do you play the guitar very well ?)

7.2 Does they live  near here ?                  (Do they live near here ?)

7.3 How you wash your hair ?                (How do you wash your hair ?)

 

 

Unit 8

8.1 Jack is watching tv, now he doesn’t play the violin. (….now he isn’t playing the violin)

8.2 Does the worker  cleaning the window?         (Is the worker cleaning the window?)

it’s also possible :    (Does the worker clean the window?)

8.3 They are teachers, your friends?          :    (Are they teachers, your friends ?)

 

 

Unit 9

9.1 We have parents very nice.        (We have  very nice parents)

9.2 Have she has blue eyes?       (Does she have blue eyes  /  Has she got blue eyes?)

9.3 Do he has a new car ?        (Does he have a new car  /  Has he got a new car?)

 

Unit 10

10.1 Today Robert starts a interesting new job.       (Today Robert starts an interesting                                                                                      new job)

10.2 Yesterday he were not in the office, but at home.  (Yesterday he was not in the                                                                                                 office, but at home)

10.3 Robert was in the bed yesterday?      (Was Robert in the bed  yesterday?)

 

 

 

 

Unit 11

11.1 They danced very well when they are young.           

They danced very well when they were young

11.2 The dog breaked the glass when it jumped on the table   

The dog broke the glass when it jumped on the table 

11.3 The plane took off the airport and Lisa flied from London to  Manchester.   

The plane took off the airport and Lisa flew from London to Manchester

 

Unit 12

12.1  I do not  watched the news on tv  yesterday.    

I did not watch the news on tv  yesterday 

12.2  They do not go to the city 20 minutes ago.    

They did not go to the city 20 minutes ago

12.3  Did you enjoyed the film when you went to the cinema?    

Did you enjoy the film when you went to the cinema ?

 

 

 

Unit 13

13.1 At 4:00 Paul didn’t be at home. The neighbours were singing the whole night.

At 4:00  Paul  wasn’t  at home.  The neighbours were singing the whole night.

13.2  Jack and Kate were to the cinema to watch a film. 

Jack and Kate went to the cinema to watch a film  (Jack and Kate were in the cinema ..)

13.3 Was Mr. and Mrs. Marshall in the park for a walk? 

Were  Mr. and Mrs. Marshall in the park for a walk ?

 

 

Unit 14

14.1  Kelly is falling asleep while she was reading

Kelly fell asleep while she was reading.  

14.2  Did you watched the game on tv last night?   

Did you watch the game on tv  last night?

14.3  Jack read a book when his phone rang.

Jack was reading a book when his phone rang     

 

 

A partir de la Unit 15  només repassarem una unitat,  però amb  alguna frase més.

 

Unit 15

15.1  The man wears  clean  shoes. Yesterday they were dirty. This morning he have  cleaned  them.                 

The man wears clean shoes. Yesterday they were dirty.  This morning he has cleaned them.                                                                         

15.2  Albert  is on holiday now. By the way,  do you know where has he go? 

Albert is on holiday now. By the way,  do you know where has he gone ?

15.3  Can I have this newspaper if you  just  finished to read it ?  

Can I have this newspaper if you have just finished to read it?

15.4  Robert  was  on holiday. Now he is back home.  By the way, do you know where has he gone ?           

Robert was on holiday. Now he is back home.  By the way, do you know where has he been ?                                                  

15.5  Has  the dog  really broken the vase we have just buyed  this week?      

Has the dog already broken the vase we have just bought this week ?

 

Nota :

(Diferència entre  “has gone”  /  “has been”.  En el primer cas, algú ha anat, i encara està al lloc de destinació.  En el segon, ja ha tornat.

El meu amic ha anat a Dublin (encara no ha tornat) :  “My friend has gone to Dublin.”

El meu amic ha estat  a Dublin (i ja ha tornat) :  “My friend has been  to / in  Dublin.” )

 

 

 

Unit 16

16.1 Are Laura and Paul  here?   Yes,  they have  only  arrived.   

Are Laura and Paul here ?   Yes, they have just arrived. 

16.2  John, this is Emma.  Yes, I know. We have still   met   

John,  this is Emma.  Yes, I know . We have already met.  

16.3 Have Laura and Paul arrived already ?  No, we are still

waiting for them   

Have Laura and Paul arrived  yet ?   No, we are still waiting for them

16.4  Your friend has a new job. You want to ask her about it .:

Have you started yet your new job?      

Have you started your new job yet?

16.5  Your neighbours have a new garden.  They are working on it.

They haven’t watered the plants  still.     

They haven’t watered the plants yet.

 

Nota :
Frases interrogatives :   “yet”,  és ‘ja’.   “Have you started your new job  yet”  (Has començat el teu nou treball, ja ?)
Frases negatives : “yet”   és   ‘encara’  . “No, I haven’t started my new job yet” (No, no he començat el meu nou treball, encara)
Normalment,  “yet”  anirà al final. .
Frases afirmatives :   “already”  és ‘ja’   ;   “still”  és ‘encara’.

Unit 17

17.1  Have you gone to Rome ?   Yes, I have been many times     

Have you been to Rome ?  Yes, I have been many times.

17.2  Have you ever been to Japan ?  No, I have ever been to Japan, but I would like to go there.     

  Have you ever been to Japan ?  No, I have never been to Japan, but I would like to go there.                                                    (també :  “I have not been to Japan, but ….”)

17.3  Where is your boyfriend? Now he is not here. He has been to Paris for two days.   

Where is your boyfriend ? Now he is not here. He has gone to Paris for two days. 

17.4  I have been to Scotland but I have not play golf there. 

I have been to Scotland but I have not played golf there.

Recordeu  Unit 15:   Nota :

(Diferència entre  “has gone”  /  “has been”.  En el primer cas, algú ha anat, i encara està al lloc de destinació.  En el segon, ja ha tornat.

El meu amic ha anat a Dublin (encara no ha tornat) :  “My friend has gone to Dublin.

El meu amic ha estat  a Dublin (i ja ha tornat) :  “My friend has been  to / in  Dublin.” )

 

 

Unit 18

18.1  How  time have you been married?    

How long have you been married ?                

I have been married for seven months.  I have been married since last October

 

18.2  Where is your daughter?

She is in Ireland now.  She has been in Ireland since six weeks. 

She has been in Ireland for six weeks     /     (… since the beginning of March)

 

18.3  We met for the first time last summer.

How long do you know her ?       

How long have you known her ?

 

18.4  Now it is raining.

How long has it had rained?    

 How long has it been raining

 

 

Unit  19

Susan went to Dublin on Monday.  Today is  Saturday. She came back yesterday.

19.1 Susan flew to Dublin six days.     

1.Susan flew to Dublin six days ago

19.2 Susan has been in Dublin since five days.   

2.Susan has been in Dublin since Monday 

19.3 Susan has been in Dublin for five days ago. 

3.Susan has been  in Dublin  for five days

19.4 Susan has gone to Dublin since Monday.

4.Susan has been in Dublin since Monday  /  Susan has gone to Dublin on Monday 

 

 

Unit 20

20.1 Last week  I lost my key  ago. 

Last week I lost my key

20.2 This morning she have lost her  key  

This morning she has lost her key

20.3 We lost our keys  ago  five  days.    

We lost our keys five days ago.

20.4 They have lived in Singapore for three years.Now they live in Kyoto.

They had lived in Singapore for three years.  Now they live in Kyoto

20.5 They lived in Singapore for three years. Now they want to leave this city.

They have lived in Singapore for three years.  Now they want to leave this city

 

Unit 21

21.1  Someone cleans the office everyday.  The office is clean  everyday.  

Someone cleans the office everyday.  The office is cleaned everyday

21.2  My car is in the garage.  It is being repair.    

My car is in the garage. It is being repaired.

21.3 The telephone was invented for  Alexander Bell in 1876.   

The telephone was invented by  Alexander Bell in 1876  

21. 4  It is not sure that all the plays were wrote by  W.Shakespeare

It is not sure that all the plays were written by W.Shakespeare

 

 

Unit 22 

22.1  Somebody has painted the door.  The door has been painted for somebody.  

Somebody has painted the door.  The door has been painted by somebody.

22.2  The Chinese invented noodles many centuries ago.  Noodles have been invented by Chinese many centuries  ago.         

The Chinese invented noodles many centuries ago.  Noodles were invented by Chinese many centuries ago.

22.3 The room is not dirty any more. It has had  cleaned   by the owners. 

The room is not dirty any more.  It has been cleaned by the owners.

 

 

Unit 23

23.1 Please, be quiet.  I  work.  

Please,  be  quiet.  I am  working

23.2 When he arrive, I was working  

When  he arrived,  I was  working

23.3 Your  children have  haved their breakfast this morning  

Your children have had their breakfast this morning

23.4 What do you usually doing on Sundays?    

What do you usually do on Sundays ?

 

 

Unit 24

(fàcil, només és saber el passat dels verbs irregulars / regulars)

24.1  I cook a special food today.  I cook a special food  yesterday   

(…..   I cooked a special food yesterday.)

24.2 You go to the city and work many hours everyday. You gone to the city and worked many hours last week.         (…….  went…. last week.)

24.3  He makes an apple pie for his friend’s birthday. Yesterday he maked an apple pie for his friend’s birthday.       ( …. yesterday he made…)

24.4 The dog  brokes the glass vase when it jumped on the table.     (…broke…)

24.5 The film usually begins late, after some advertisements. Yesterday it begun on time.     (…. yesterday it began….)                   

.

 

Unit 25

25.1   What  are you doing now?   And,  what will you doing tomorrow?

What are you doing now ?  And,  what are you doing tomorrow?

25.2    Are you meet your friends tonight?  

Are you meeting your friends tonight?

 

25.3   I am going to a concert next Saturday. The concert starts at 20:45.

 

25.4  What are you going to do in the evening?  Today, in  the evening,  I  drink  a beer  with my colleagues.                 

  What are you going to do in the evening?  Today, in  the evening,  I am drinking a beer  with my colleagues.                 

 

Avui  la qüestió és de matisos. Quin present és el que s’utilitza amb significat de futur. És de segon nivell, per tant, els de primer nivell,  tranquils.

La clau està en la frase 25.3  :    Quan es diu que he previst de fer una cosa en un futur,  a part de “I will do something  next week”  per exemple,   es  pot dir     “I am  doing something next week”.   (amb gerundi,  no present simple)    (*)

En canvi,  si no és una cosa prevista per mi,  sinó  planificada i amb horari fix, com ara l’arribada o la sortida d’un tren, aleshores es pot dir  :  “The train  arrives / departs  at  17:00”  (amb present simple,  no gerundi)    

(*)  no confondre amb el  “going to do”, quan és una cosa segura  “Next week I am going to do something”,   molt semblant a  “Next week I will do something”

 

Reviseu  la  25.3 

No és   : (  I go to a concert next Saturday. The concert is starting at 20:45. )

Sinó  :  (a) “I am going to a concert next Saturday. The concert starts at 29:45)

També estarien bé les frases alternatives següents:

(b) “I will go to a concert next Saturday”  (és un futur previst , una intenció més o menys sobtada, un desig, el que vull fer ; se m’acaba d’acudir, però encara no he reservat, ni comprat les entrades….)

(c) “I am going to go to a concert next Saturday”    (és  un futur molt probable, ja he reservat, ja he comprat les entrades….)

 

Per tant :  Les tres frases, a,b,c,  de futur estan bé.  Tampoc no és tan estrany respecte del català i castellà.

(a) “El proper dissabte vaig al concert”    (el próximo sábado voy al concierto)

(b)  “El proper dissabte aniré al concert”   (el próximo sábado iré al concierto)

(c) ———————————————    (el próximo sábado voy a ir al concierto)

 

Unit  26 

26.1 I going to watch TV  this evening with my friends   

I am going to watch TV this evening with my friends.

26.2  Sarah is to go to sell her car and she will get a lot of money  

Sarah is going to sell her car and she will get a lot of money.

26.3  Are going you to invite Marta to your party, or do you prefer she doesn’t come?   

Are you going to invite Marta to your party, or do you prefer (that) she doesn’t come?

26.4  Something  bad  are going to happen  if  so many people go to walk together  

Something bad is going to happen if so many people go to walk together

 

Unit  27

27.1  It is 10 o’clock.  Tom  is at work. At 10:00  yesterday he was also at work.   At 10 o’ clock tomorrow he  be  at work, too.

It is 10 o’clock.  Tom  is at work. Yesterday at 10:00  he was at work. Tomorrow at 10 o’clock he  will be at work, too.

27.2  Sarah  travels a lot.  Tomorrow she’ll  be to  Manchester and next weekend she will be in Venice.   

Sarah  travels a lot.  Tomorrow she’ll  be  in Manchester and next weekend she will be in Venice.   

27.3  The forecast speaker says tomorrow it will rain.  

The forecast speaker says tomorrow it is going to rain

27.4  We will go to the theater next weekend. It would be great if they come with us. 

 We will go  to the theater next weekend . It would be great if they came  with us. 

(We will go to the theater next weekend.  It  will be great if they come with us)

.

Unit 28

28.1   I am thinking  I will phone you     

I think  I will phone you         

(Penso que et telefonaré)    (I am thinking…. seria  “jo estic pensant, reflexionant, en aquest moment)

28.2 I think  I am going to bed early  

I think I will go to be early

(Penso que aniré a dormir aviat, si és una decisió espontànea)  (Si ja al matí o a migdia, he près la decisió, sí, que puc dir  “Tonight I am going to go early to bed”)

28.3 It’s a nice day.  Will we go out for a walk ?  

It’s a nice day.  Shall we go out for a walk?

(….. Will we go out for a walk?”  és gramaticalment correcte. Es traduiria per  ‘sortirem fora a caminar?’) 

(Però  el que vol dir   “Shall we go out for a walk?”   és  ‘sortim a fora a caminar?’)

28.4  What you will  do at the  weekend?   

What will you do at the weekend?     (òbviament, és l’ordre correcte per a preguntes)

Avui 02.06.20  la unitat és una mica més complicada. Modal Verbs. Verbs que ajuden i complementen altres verbs:   “puc / he / estic obligat / ….. a fer una cosa ? “

És de BASIC,  però del final. Per tant,  tranquil·litat.  Pot ser que la frase sigui gramaticalment correcta, però depèn del context sigui “millorable”. Tranquils,  fixeu-vos demà en les solucions.

In English :  can / shall / will / may / must  >> could / should / would / might / had to     

(els primers, present, els segons  >>  el seu passat)

 

Unit  29

29.1  – Where are they going for their holidays?

          –  They are not sure.  They can go to Prague. 

          –  They are not sure. They may (might) go to Prague

(They can go to Prague :  ells tenen permís per anar a Praga

They  may go to Prague :  és possible que ells vagin a Praga)

“can”  és demanar/donar   permís,  “may”  és possibilitat/opció de fer  (“might” és el passat de “may” ,  com “could” és el passat de “can”,  com “should” és el passat de “shall”,  com “would” és el passat de “will”)

 

29.2   – You are  playing tennis tomorrow.  It’s sure.

           – You may to play tennis tomorrow. It’s possible. 

You may play tennis tomorrow (it is possible)

“may” (com  “might”  /  “can”, “could” / “will”, “would” / “shall / “should”,  NO  van  seguits  de  “to” (infinitiu)  sinó directament del verb principal (forma base, que en la immensa majoria coincideix amb el present)

 

29.3    Let’s buy a lottery ticket. We may being lucky.     

          Let’s buy a lottery ticket. We may be lucky 

(mateix raonament,  ni “to”  ni  “-ing” form,  sinó  forma base) 

29.4    Liz mights not come to our party.  It’s possible that she does not come.     

Liza might not come to our party.     (òbviament la “s” no hi fa res, aquí)

(Liza podria no venir a la nostra festa. És possible que ella no vingui. També seria correcta  “Liza may not come to our party”, Liza pot no venir a la nostra festa)           

29.5   I don’t understand the example.  Do I may  ask a question?   

      I don’t understand the example. May I ask a question?

Si “may”  és un  auxiliar (un modal verb)  del verb principal, ja no cal posar cap altre auxiliar ,   ni  “do”, ni “be”,  ni “have”.

“May I ask a question?  :  Pregunto una qüestió,  si no hi  ha cap inconvenient. (ja ho vaig a fer, per defecte)

“Can I ask a question?  :  Demano permís  per preguntar. (no ho vaig a fer fins que tingui el permís)

També seria gramaticalment correcte  :  “….. Do I ask a question?”,   però voldria dir,  “Pregunto una qüestió ?”,  amb sentit informatiu, no de sol·licitud.

 

 

Unit 30

30.1   My sisters can to play the piano. My brother can to play the piano too. 

My  sisters can play the piano. My brother can play the piano, too

30.2 Can change this 100 Euro  note for smaller ones? 

Can  I  (you, we, they)  change this 100 Euro note for smaller ones?  

30.3   When my parents arrived in Girona, they coudn’t understand some specific local words                                          

When my parents arrived in Girona, they  couldn’t understand some specific local words.                                

30.4  Sarah,  could you to pass me the salt ?

Sarah,  could you pass me the salt, please?

 

 

Unit  31

31.1  It is a terrific theatre play. We must do see  it !       

  31.1  It is a terrific theatre play. We must  see  it ! 

31.2 You were very thirsty. You musted drink a glass of water.   

31.2 You were very thirsty.  You had to drink a glass of water.     

31.3  They must come in a minute. They musn’t arrive late at the meeting.   

31.3  They must come in a minute. They mustn’t  arrive late at the meeting

3.4  They don’t need  to drive. They can take a taxi.            

31.5  Match the sentences with the same meaning. 

 (enllaça les frases amb el mateix significat)

1.You must visit the ancient ruins.                A You  can’t visit the ancient ruins

2.You mustn’t visit the ancient ruins.           B.It is possible for you to  visit them

3. You can visit the ancient ruins               .  C. It was possible for you tho visit them

4. You don’t need to visit the ancient ruins.   D. You had to visit the ancient them

5. You needed to visit the ancient ruins.        E. You don’t have to visit them

6.   You could visit the ancient ruins              F. You have to visit the ancient ruins

1 / F           2 / A          3 / B       4 / E      5 / D     6 / C

 

 

Unit 32

32.1  We should not read as many bad books as tthe teacher gives to us.                                 We should not read as much bad literature as  the teacher gives to us.

32.2  Bad students usually don’t study  enough. They should study more. 

32.3   Do your brother  think  I  should buy the blue jacket ?

Does  your brother  think  (that)  I should buy the blue jacket?

32.4  The band offers a terrific  concert.  You had to go to enjoy it.

The band offers a terrific concert.  You must go and enjoy it. 

( “offers”  és present,  no podem posar  “had to” passat,  hem de posar  “have to”, o bé “must”  que vol dir el mateix. Però sempre en present)

32.5  I like this car. Do you think I should by it?

I like this car. Do you think I should  buy  it ?

32.6 I think you  do not should by it.  It’s too expensive.

I think you should not buy it. It’s too expensive

 

 

 

Unit 33

33.1 It’s an amazing CD, you must listen to its songs. Really, you have to listen to them 

33.2  They don’t work tomorrow. So, they have not to get up early.

They don’t work tomorrow. So, they don’t have to get up early.

33.3  These are your pills. You have to take four times a day.

These are your pills. You have to take them four times a day 

33.4  What time do he has to go to the  eye doctor (ophthalmologist)?

What time does he have to go to the eye doctor ?

33.5  The child is very hungry today. He must eat  something right now.

He was very thirsty yesterday.  He musted drink something urgently.

He was very thirsty yesterday. He had to drink something urgently

 

Unit 34.

Quina de les dues opcions és correcta ?

Les dues frases són gramaticalment correctes, però només una és adequada segons el context.

 

34.1  Do you like  Catalan cream for dessert ?   /   Would you like Catalan cream for dessert?    No,  thanks.

34.2  Do you like apples?    /  Would you like apples?    Yes,  I like them very much

34.3  What kind of cinema do you like    /  would you like ?   All kind of cinema

34.4  What kind of cinema do you like  /  would you like  to see this evening ?

I prefer a  musical film

34. 5 I like  mushrooms I would like mushrooms,  but I don’t eat them often

 

Unit  35

35.I t’s a nice day, we can enjoy a picnic in the open air.  Let’s go out !

35.2 It’s a rainy day, it’s better that we  stay inside. Let’s not go out !  (Let’s stay inside !)

35.3  Bye, enjoy your  holiday in Scotland. Your plane is ready. Let’s go  you to the gate!

“……   Your plane is ready. Go to the gate !”

35.4  We are hungry.  Don’t let  to have only vegetables, but to eat meat and rice.

“…. Let’s not have only vegetables, but (to eat) meat and rice”

35.5 Let’s not have gazpacho for dinner. Eat a pizza.

“Let’s not have gazpacho for dinner.  Let’s eat a pizza”

Continuem, més avall  :

JA ESTÀ.  HEM ARRIBAT A LA UNITAT 35.   FINAL DEL PRIMER CURS !!!!!

ARA TOCA UNA SETMANA MÉS DE REPÀS,  SENSE COMENÇAR-NE CAP DE NOVA.Per tant avui us proposo un repàs de les  primeres 15. Ara us haurien de sortir millor, perquè són temes que ja hem fet.   Recordeu,  només un error per a cada frase.

1.My hands  don’t are cold .   My hands  are not  cold.

2. Where   are  my new camera  ?     Where is my new camera ?

3. She don’t eat  the breakfast but the lunch.  She doesn’t eat the breakfast but the lunch.

4. Is it raining normally ?    Does it rain normally ?  /   Is it raining  now?

5. We usually are working a lot   during the whole day. 

We usually work  a lot during the whole day

6 My parents  aren’t drinking  coffee after 19:00 o’clock   

My parents don’t drink coffee after 19:00 o’clock.

7. How  wash you  your hair ?     How do you wash your hair?

8. Jack is  seeing  tv,  he is not playing violin right now. 

Jack is watching tv, he is not playing violin right now.

9.Does she has  blue eyes?       

Does she have blue eyes ?     /    Has she got blue eyes ?

10. Yesterday he was  in the office, but at home.  

Yesterday he was not in the office, but at home

11. They danced  country style very well ,   when they are young.     

They danced country style very well, when they were young.      

12. They did  go not to the city 20 minutes ago.    

They did not go to the city 20 minutes ago.

13. At 4:00  Paul  wasn’t  at home and the neighbours are  singing the

whole night.

At 4:00 Paul wasn’t at home and the neighbours were singing the whole night.

14. Jack read a book when his phone rings.     

Jack reads (is reading) a book when his phone rings.   /    Jack read (was reading) a book when his phone rang.                                                               

15.  Albert  is in holiday now. By the way,  do you know what hotel  does he stay  in ?    

Albert is on holiday now. By the way, …….

Encara no aquí,  més avall, baixem, més   :

Cap de setmana,  13 i 14  de juny.  Vint frases, de les Units  16 a 35.  De les vint frases, n’hi ha deu que són correctes, i deu que tenen un error. Vinga, a veure com va la investigació ! Ànims!! 

Es tracta d’un resum del que ja hem vist.   Let’s start !!!

 

16. Are Laura and Paul  here?   Yes,  they have  only  arrived. 

Are Laura and Paul  here ?   Yes, they have  already (just) arrived.

17. Have Laura and Paul arrived yet ? No, we are still waiting for them. RIGHT

18. Have you ever been in China?  No, I have never been in China,  but I really would love to visit it.  RIGHT

19. Do you know how long has it been snowing ?    RIGHT

20. Sue  has been in Dublin since three days 

Sue has been in Dublin since last Sunday

Sue has been in Dublin for three days. 

Sue  arrived in Dublin three days ago

21 We lost our keys   ago  five  days 

We lost our keys five days ago    

22.They lived  in Chicago for three years. They found  it very cold. They wanted  to leave this city.

23. My bike  is in the garage. I told the mechanic to repairing it.

My bike is in the garage .   I told the mechanic to repair it.

24. The  telephone was invented  for Alexander Bell in 1876

The telephone was invented by Alexander Bell in 1876

25. Chinese invented powder some centuries ago.  Powder  were invented by Chinese  some centuries ago.

Chinese invented powder some centuries ago. Powder was invented by Chinese some centuries ago.

26.  What do you are doing on Sundays?    

What are you doing this  Sunday?

What do you do on Sundays?

27. Yesterday he made an apple pie for the whole family because he likes cooking on special days.  RIGHT

28. Sarah is going to sell her car and she will get much money.  RIGHT

29.You are  playing tennis tomorrow.  It’s sure.  She may play basketball tomorrow. It’s possible.   RIGHT

30. We don’t understand the example.  May  I ask a question?  RIGHT

31. When my parents arrived at Girona, they couldn’t understand some Catalan words.            RIGHT                                                        

32. “You must  visit the ancient ruins” they recommended us in the hotel. The local guide said   the same : “you may visit the ruins, if you want.”

(…)The local guide said the same :  “you have to visit the ruins”.

33. Does our sister  think  you should buy the blue jacket ? RIGHT

34. You have to take the pills  three  times each day of the week. RIGHT

35. He was starving yesterday. He had to eat something urgently.  RIGHT

36. Enjoy your holidays. Look, your plane is boarding now. Let’s go quickly to the gate !!!!   (… is boarding now. Go quickly to the gate.)

Atenció :  penúltim apunt.  15.06.2020  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Efectivament, avui proposo el penúltim apunt en aquesta entrada de BASIC. Units 1-50.  Demà farem l’últim, i donarem per tancat aquest curs atípic 2019/2020.  (continuarem en un altra entrada, i ja sense gramàtica)

Avui i demà es tracta de llegir les duples de frases que proposem, algunes tenen errors, altres són correctes. Podeu prendre-ho com un test. Hi ha 25 parells de frases. A veure quin resultat d’encert teniu.   Ja sabeu que ” podeu enviar-me les vostres respostes i la vostra nota  a   iuaruelcom@gmail.com .   Si preferiu no fer-ho, no passa res.”

 

Let’s start !    :

1

It is more hot now than yesterday
It’s hotter now than it was yesterday

2

The house isn’t big enough of  all the residents. ( for all the residents )
The house has not  enough big rooms to be used.

3

Do you like  a wine  glass ?   (en una tenda de gots : “t’agrada un got per a vi?”
Do you like a glass of wine?   (Would you like a glass of wine?)
4

I should not drive.

I should not driving.

5

I want eating right now
I want to eat now

6

 Is there any room for seven more girls in the class?
Are there any rooms for seven less girls in the class?

 

7

I didn’t listen to one more news on the radio

I didn’t listen many more news in the radio

8

My flight departs in time to catch the next connection
My flights  departs at 5:00 am, on time according to the plan

9

I promise  that I’ll call you next week.
I promise I call you next week.

 

10

He cooked  the dinner themself and it was terrible.
They cooked the dinner themselves and it was terrific.

11

My brother and I  visited PortAventura last weekend
My brother and I have visited PortAventura last weekend

12

All the women who work in the company are  from  Netherlands
All the women which work in the company are from Netherlands

13

He is  married with  a nurse
He is  married to a nurse

14

The students were amazing in the class.
The students were amazed in the class.

15

You don’t must phone them too late.

You mustn’t phone them too late.

16

The whole class like the professor.
All the classes likes the professor

17

Despite  it was raining they went to the forest.
Although the rain they went to the forest.
18
 He enjoyed watching the movie in tv.
He liked to watch the movie at home in the tv.

19

They are  looking forward meeting you.
I look forward to meet you.

20

She likes  eating  ice cream much.
She  likes  very much to eat ice cream

21

She can be a very fast  driver.
She can be able to drive very fast.

22

Where do you can find a good restaurant ?
Where can  you find a restaurant that is good ?

23

My daughters  live in United States.
My daughters live  in the United States.

24

When we  will arrive at the town,  we  will phone you.
When  we arrive  in the town , we will call you.

25

The police is coming by car
The police are coming on foot.

.

Últim apunt     16.06.2020  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

26.

The police official is coming.
The police are coming.

 

27.

They have lived in the same house since the last  eleven years.

They have lived int the same house  during eleven years.

 

28.

Is it ready yet ?
Is your visa  ready?

 

29.

His  spouse is  a engineer.
Her spouse is a doctor.

 

30

It’s a nice song. Do you like to dance with me?
It’s a nice song. Would you like to dance with me?
 

31.

Her boyfriend  got a new job.
Her boyfriend has got a new work.

 

32

I met nobody at the boring party.

I didn’t meet anybody during the party.

 

33

Can you give me many information?

You can give me any information (that) you consider important-

 

34

When I am in London, I will contact you.

 If I will be in London, I will contact you.

 

35

Where is post office? Do you know ?

Do you know where the post office is?

36

We studied during the whole day.

We studied for  all day.

 

37

I came from Australia to study English.

I came to Australia in order to study English.
 

38

She has a great success in her profession.

She is successful in her profession.

 

39

My mother expected  the best for me. She wanted that I am doctor.
My mother expected the best for me.  She wanted me to be a doctor.

 

40

I closed very quietly the door.
I closed the door very quietly.

 

 
41.

Johnny and I live here.

Me and Johnny live here.

 

42

How many childrens do they  have?
How many children have they got ?

 

43

We usually drive to our house in the evening.
We  usually drive home  in the evening.
 

44

She said you that she liked me.

She told me that she liked you.
 

45

My sibling  was 10 years old when he won a silver medal.

My brother  won a silver medal at the age of 10.

 

 

46.
Please  help us improve our paddle skill.

Please explain to us  how to improve our paddle skill.

 

47

You often go to school by bus

You are often late when you go to school.

 

48

The  crocodiles over there are dangerous!
Crocodiles in general are dangerous !

 

49

You are very nice, like your mother.

You behave very nice, as your mother usually does.

50

You cannot buy all what you like!
You cannot buy all that you like!
 
 
 

juny 2020  jvallp .-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-…-..-..-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.

.-.-.-.-..-.  (qualsevol dubte,  ja ho sabeu  :   iuaruelcom@gmail.com)     -.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-

 

Bon estiu. Fins aviat !!!     Have a nice summer.  See you soon !!!

.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.

 



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